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中国古代四大丑女:人丑心善 都不是平凡女

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发表于 2017-12-1 21:40:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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中国古代有四大美女,分别是:西施、王昭君、貂蝉、杨玉环。这四位女子,皆是“沉鱼落雁之容,闭月羞花之貌。”
与之相对的,中国古代还有四大丑女,分别是:嫫母、钟离春、孟光、阮氏。这四位女子,“貌丑而德美,容陋而才佳”。
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一、嫫母
嫫母是古代丑女的典范,据说她丑陋无比,貌似夜叉,“嫫母倭傀,善誉者不能掩其丑”。不过她虽然长的丑,却十分贤惠,所以黄帝才会娶她为妻。
嫫母没有让黄帝失望,她对妇女们实施德化教育。当黄帝巡视天下之时,嫫母总能将后宫打理的井井有条。黄帝的元妃嫘祖去世之后,也是嫫母指挥祭祀之事。
黄帝是中华民族的始祖,曾经同蚩尤和炎帝发生大战。他最终能战胜蚩尤和炎帝,也有嫫母内助之功。
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二、钟离春
钟离春,也就是咱们常说的“钟无艳”,战国时代齐国无盐县人。钟无艳可以说是大家最熟悉的古代丑女了,以她为原型创作的电视剧还是挺多的。虽然情节有所不同,但是对于钟无艳的丑和德,还是印象深刻的。
钟无艳:“凹头深目,长肚大节,昂鼻结喉,肥顶少发”,皮肤漆黑,到了四十岁的时候都还没有嫁出去。
虽然长的丑,但是钟无艳却才德兼备。她自幼饱读诗书,对于齐国当时昏暗的统治,十分痛心。齐国当时的国君是齐宣王,本人脾气暴躁,爱好别人吹捧,搞的政治腐败,全国上下人心惶惶。
钟无艳虽然是一女子,但是却有拯救国家的伟大志向。她冒着生命危险,来到齐宣王的面前,劝谏齐宣王。
所说之语,句句切合实际,字字深入人心,让齐宣王幡然醒悟。齐宣王接受了钟无艳的劝谏,并且为了表示自己的决心,决意娶钟无艳为妻,让钟无艳时刻警醒自己。
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三、孟光
孟光是东汉贤士梁鸿的妻子,后人常以举案齐眉赞誉夫妻的感情平等和睦,举案齐眉这个词就是出自孟光和梁鸿两夫妻。
《后汉书·梁鸿传》:“为人赁舂,每归,妻为具食,不敢于鸿前仰视,举案齐眉。”
孟光人长的肥丑而黑,粗陋无比。当时有人为她说媒,她不嫁,说自己要嫁必嫁梁鸿。梁鸿是大名士,相貌儒雅倜傥,是位美男子。孟光说要嫁梁鸿,大家都笑她癞蛤蟆想吃天鹅肉。
令人瞠目结舌的是梁鸿最后看中了孟光的贤德,竟然真娶她为妻。而嫁给梁鸿之后,梁鸿归家,孟光每为具食,举案齐眉,以表示对丈夫的敬重。这才有了夫妻二人,“举案齐眉”的说法。
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四、阮氏。
阮氏是曹魏时期,许允的妻子。据说花烛之夜,因为阮氏相貌丑陋,将许允吓出了新房,此后都不肯再进。后来有人劝许允,说阮家既然嫁丑女给你,一定是有原由的,不如你好好考察一下。
许允鼓足勇气,入阮氏房间。但一看见阮氏的容貌,还是拔腿就想跑,被阮氏抓住衣袖没有跑脱。
许允挣扎着说:“妇女要求‘妇德、妇言、妇容、妇功’四种德行,你符合几条?”阮氏回:“除了妇容,妾都有。”随后又反问许允,“君子百行,你又符合几条?”

许允被她问住了,一时竟辩解不能,不由对阮氏敬佩,此后夫妻二人相敬和睦。后来许允差点被魏明帝杀了,还是阮氏给许允出了主意。许允这才没有被杀,反而被重用。
虽然貌丑,但是嫫母、钟离春、孟光、阮氏,却都无一不是才德兼备的女子,甚至远超许多男子,可敬可佩。

发表于 2018-3-14 16:53:29 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 xiaoxiongdi 于 2018-3-14 17:06 编辑

心灵美才是真的美 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